The nation of Israel
1. Laws define sin and death .
Rom 3:10-23 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one. Their throat [is] an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps [is] under their lips: Whose mouth [is] full of cursing and bitterness: Their feet [are] swift to shed blood: Destruction and misery [are] in their ways: And the way of peace have they not known: There is no fear of God before their eyes. Now we know that what things soever the law (Moses Law) saith, it speaketh to them that are under the law; that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may be brought under the judgment of God: because by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified in his sight; for through the law cometh the knowledge of sin. For all have sinned, and fall short of the glory of God.
When Paul says in Romans we are not justified, saved by works, the works Paul is describing are concerning primarily the works from laws of Moses defining sin and death, and any works conjured up, these works, no man is justified in God's sight.
2. Laws relating to the temple and sacrifices, justification for sin, through sacrifices of animals , justified them of their sins, but their justification was not perfect, had no permanence , they continued to sin year after year and had to sacrifice year after year, where generations would sin so bad, that prophets were sent to bring them to true repentance.
Heb 10:1-4 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect. For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins. But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year. For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins (as to take away sins permanently, sins returned year after year).
3. Laws related to circumcision
Moses circumcision was only a sign, seal, witnessing, with hands written with a knife the removal of a part of flesh of 8 day old boys (not having faith), of possible future removal of sins, forgiveness of sins, through steps of faith (God's persuasion). The primary purpose witnessing their children of the faith of Israel (previously named Jacob) and Abraham. However, most were not children of faith, of God, they did not develop the faith (God's persuasion), spiritual circumcision, of Israel (previously named Jacob) and Abraham.
Circumcision done by hands, was a witness, written on the flesh, but not the actual spiritual circumcision, removal of sins, justification for forgiveness of sins, as with Abraham's walk, through steps of faith (persuasion) was circumcised without hands, removal of his sins, justified, reckoned righteousness years before. Abraham received his circumcision of his flesh, to witness he was spiritually circumcised earlier. The nation of Israel was established by God, contained both types, some who would walk in steps of faith (God's persuasion) and some who would not walk in steps of faith. Both type of infants were circumcised, to witness they were of Israel and that the sin's hardness would be removed from hearts, but only the ones who would develop faith (God's persuasion), walked in the steps of faith (God's persuasion), had their sins removed. These were the true children of God, children of the faith (God's persuasion) of Israel and Abraham. Only a remnant, small group, had faith (God's persuasion).
Rom 9:6 Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they [are] not all Israel, which are of Israel:
Rom 9:25 As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved.
Roms 9:27 Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved:
Many of the leaders of the nation of Israel and men under them, claimed they were circumcised children of Abraham , but had not the faith (God's persuasion), did not walk in the steps of faith (God's persuasion) of Israel (previously named Jacob) and Abraham, the hardness of sin remained upon their hearts, they killed the prophets and eventually they would kill Jesus Christ, for they wanted an earthy kingdom having earthly boundaries, adoration from people, not the adoration from God. This earthly kingdom and sacrifices was a temporary covenant of God with man.
Jesus Establishes a New Kingdom
The savior Jesus christ, his kingdom was confirmed, establish on the day of Pentecost, a spiritual kingdom only, having no earthly boundaries, but spiritual laws of faith (God's persuasion), to justify men through the act of baptism in the name of Jesus, a step of faith (God's persuasion). A spiritual circumcision, once for all through the perfect sacrifice to justify and to purify, purge them from continuing sinning. Jesus a perfect high priest forever sitting at the right hand of God, providing to them who walk in the steps of faith (persuasion), justification for sins and empowering men in his spiritual teachings, in the life of christ, how not to sin, maturing, so there be no more continually sinning year after year and sacrifices over and over .
The covenant of faith (God's persuasion) is to bring an end to sin in christians.
I John 3:9 Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God.
Heb: 7-21 Then said I, Lo, I am come (In the roll of the book it is written of me) To do thy will, O God. Saying above, Sacrifices and offerings and whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein (the which are offered according to the law), Heb: 9 then hath he said, Lo, I am come to do thy will. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second. By which will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. And every priest indeed standeth day by day ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, the which can never take away sins: but he, when he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; henceforth expecting till his enemies be made the footstool of his feet. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified. And the Holy Spirit also beareth witness to us; for after he hath said, This is the covenant that I will make with them After those days, saith the Lord: I will put my laws on their heart, And upon their mind also will I write them; then saith he, And their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. Heb: 18 Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin. Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holy place by the blood of Jesus, by the way which he dedicated for us, a new and living way, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; and having a great priest over the house of God;
Moses laws, righteousness
When Paul says in Romans we are not justified, saved by works, the works Paul is describing are concerning primarily the works from laws of Moses defining sin and conjured up works, these works, no man is justified in God's sight.
Instead men were justified by the grace, righteousness in the sacrifices, but lack the long term purging of sin, due to the weak effect of animal sacrifice. When sin abound, grace also abound came through prophets to bring the people out of sin, those who in faith, repented were justified.
God brought an end to the first convenant sacrifice of animals and establish a second covenant, righteousness, an exceedingly abounding of Grace, Christ as the perfect sacrifice and his commands, steps of faith, working of God, to receive his justification in baptism ( water immersion) Roms 6:7 for we who hath died, is justified from sin.
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